(iii) Withdrawals will begin on the effective date of this agreement and will be concluded within 30 days.  This agreement is ratified by both countries in accordance with their respective constitutional procedures and enters into force from the date of exchange of the ratification instruments.  The agreement is the result of the determination of the two countries to “end the conflict and confrontation that have so far affected their relations”. He designed the steps to be taken to further normalize mutual relations and also defined the principles that should govern their future relations.    On 2 July 1972, the two countries agreed. The main clauses of the Simla agreement are: context: UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres has expressed concern about the situation in Jammu and Kashmir. With regard to the Simla Agreement, signed in 1972 by India and Pakistan, Mr. Guterres stated that “the final status of J-K would be settled by peaceful means, in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations.” The agreement was agreed upon and signed after the 1971 Indo-Pak War, after which East Pakistan was liberated, leading to the formation of Bangladesh. (iii) That the precondition for reconciliation, good neighbourliness and lasting peace between them be the commitment of the two countries to peaceful coexistence, territorial integrity and sovereignty and non-interference in the internal affairs of the other not on the basis of equality and mutual utility. That the fundamental issues and causes of the conflicts that have affected relations between the two countries over the past 25 years be resolved by peaceful means.
 Shimla Agreement: July 2, 1972 Lahimla Agreement: What is it? The Shimla Agreement was signed on 2 July 1972 by Indira Gandhi, then Indian Prime Minister, and by Pakistani President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, after the 1971 India-Pakistan War that liberated East Pakistan and led to the creation of Bangladesh. Among them, India and Pakistan have decided to abandon the conflict of the past and focus on building lasting friendship, peace and cooperation between them. The Shimla Agreement: Key Principles The Shimla Agreement contains a series of principles agreed by both India and Pakistan, which emphasize respect for sovereignty, territorial integrity, sovereign equality, non-interference in the internal affairs of the other, respect for political independence and unity of the other, and disregard for hostile propaganda. The principles of the Shimla Agreement are:- Mutual commitment to peacefully resolve all issues through direct bilateral approaches.- Build the basis of a cooperative relationship with an emphasis on contacts.- Maintain the inviolability of the line of control in Jammu and Kashmir. Shimla agreement: main features 1.