U.S. President George W. Bush signed the Hindu-American nuclear deal law on October 8.  The new law, called the United States-India Nuclear Cooperation Approval and Non-Proliferation Enhancement Act, was signed by President Bush at a brief white House event attended by Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice, Secretary of State Samuel Bodman, Vice President Dick Cheney and Indian Ambassador to the United States Ronen Sen, alongside a large gathering of other dignitaries.  The final administrative aspect of the agreement was concluded after Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice and Foreign Minister Pranab Mukherjee signed bilateral instruments of Agreement 123 on 10 October in Washington, D.C., paving the way for the implementation of the agreement between the two countries.  The call stated that the draft Indian nuclear agreement was “a disaster of non-proliferation and a serious setback for the prospects for global nuclear disarmament”, and that it was also insisted that all the world`s heads of state and government who are serious about ending the arms race “stand up and be counted”.  However, little progress has been made in the operation of the agreement with Namibia, if at all. To strengthen India`s civilian nuclear engagement in Africa, it is essential to actively cooperate with Namibia as a starting point to strengthen New Delhi`s commitment to the non-proliferation regime and access to the civilian nuclear market in Africa. If this agreement were to enter into force, it would have several advantages for India`s strategic interests.
This would be a monumental step towards strengthening global South-South cooperation while strengthening India`s desire to become a member of the NSG. On 22 July 2008, the UPA faced its first vote of confidence in the Lok Sabha, after the Communist Party of India (Marxist) withdrew its support for India, which moved closer to the IAEA for Indo-US. Nuclear deal. The UPA won the confidence vote by 275 votes out of 256 votes of the opposition (10 members abstained) to win a victory of 19 votes.     One of the main advocates of the agreement was India`s most important strategic analyst, K. Subrahmanyam, known for his long and controversial defender of Indian nuclear deterrence.  He argued that the convergence of strategic interests between the two nations imposed such a remarkable gesture on the Part of the United States, destroyed their decades of attitude towards non-proliferation, and that it would be unwise for India to despise such openness.  He also argued that it would still be foolish for the Indian elite not to recognize new geopolitical realities.   July 27, 2007: Negotiations for a bilateral agreement between the United States and India are concluded.